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Biomass Research & Development April 2009 Newsletter

Thursday, April 30, 2009

     

  




Feature Article

Second Quarter, 2009

 

Biomass 2009: Fueling Our Future Conference Provides Opportunity for Discussion and Debate about the Future of Biofuels

Sara Boyd, BCS, Incorporated

 

The Biomass 2009: Fueling Our Future conference was hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) Biomass Program in National Harbor, Maryland, on March 17-18, 2009.

 

Over 600 people attended the conference, representing a wide range of industries and perspectivesâ€"including the investment community, environmental organizations, agriculture, biofuels, petroleum and automotive industries, and federal and state governments. The participants expressed diverse opinions regarding pathways to improved energy security and methods for sustainable development of biofuels. During the technical sessions and active open discussions, several common themes arose:

 

  • Biofuels must be a component of our nation’s energy strategy to reduce oil import. Progress has been made in recent years, but we have a long way to go.
  • There are very promising opportunities to develop renewable fuels from an increasing, diverse set of feedstocks and vital research must be continued to pursue these opportunities.
  • Long-term sustainability studies are needed to evaluate the full costs and benefits of biofuels and fossil-based fuels in order to make valid comparisons of our fuel supply options.
  • There is a continued need to better educate the public and decision-makers on biofuels and eliminate the many misconceptions that remain.

 

Jacques Beaudry-Losique, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Renewable Energy at DOE, provided welcoming remarks and an overview of the direction of EERE. Mr. Beaudry-Losique discussed EERE’s commitment to Administration goals, including job creation and the doubling of energy from clean renewable resources like advanced biofuels.

 

The conference featured keynote and guest speakers, including Senator Benjamin Nelson (D-NE) and Representative Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD). During the “View from the Hill” session, held on the morning of March 17, Representative Bartlett and Senator Nelson discussed the role of biofuels in the U.S. energy portfolio and the policy and research, development and demonstration required for future advances.

 

Senator Nelson provided his perspective as former governor of Nebraska, a state that he helped move to the forefront of ethanol production in 1997 by increasing production from 15 million gallons to more than 300 million gallons. As a proponent of biofuels, Senator Nelson spoke to the need for increased research, development, and support from a legislative standpoint.

 

Representative Bartlett, a scientist and former educator, encouraged conservation as an overarching goal for the energy sector. He acknowledged the need for energy security and challenged conference attendees to discover innovations and new opportunities in sustainable alternative energy.

 

Other activities during the first day included a plenary session titled “Recognizing and Addressing the Challenges,” during which panelists discussed issues related to biofuel development, such as indirect land use. Panelists spoke about challenges in market demand and production and called for an increase in biomass crop yield, citing the need for innovation in the areas of salt and drought tolerance.

 

Later that day, representatives from biofuel industry trade organizations participated in a roundtable discussion, “Perspectives on Outlook and Priorities from Biofuels Industries.” Here, panelists discussed the role of industry in biofuels research, development, and production.

 

On March 18, Sue Ellerbusch, President of BP Biofuels, North America, shared insight on strategies for developing biofuels in a sustainable manner and outlook for global biofuels development. Ms. Ellerbusch also noted the need for transitional technology focused on advantaged molecules as a way to link the current technology of sugar-based biofuels to future cellulosic biofuels.

 

Panelists from the “Long Term Industry Outlook for Transportation Fuels” session on day two provided insight on the potential of future biofuels to achieve market acceptance based on cost, environmental, and demand/supply issues. In an active Q&A session, participants discussed the market and policy challenges unique to the United States that are slowing market penetration of biofuel vehicles as compared to Brazil or Europe.

 

In addition to plenary sessions, attendees participated in smaller breakout sessions throughout the conference, focusing on five technical tracks: Sustainability, Biofuels Commercialization, Advanced Biofuels Technologies, Regulation and Policy, and International Outlook. Each of the sessions offered insight and generated dialogue among attendees.

 

Valri Lightner, Acting Program Manager of the Biomass Program, noted the success of Biomass 2009: “We had almost twice as many attendees this year as we did last year. It’s clear there is a strong interest from the biofuels community and I’m glad we could provide a forum for discussion of critical issues.”

 

Information about the conference, including speaker and panelist presentations and a summary of the technical tracks, is available at www.eere.energy.gov/biomass/biomass_2009.html.

 

 

Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap Currently Under Development 

Dan Fishman, BCS, Incorporated

 

On December 9 and 10, 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Office of the Biomass Program sponsored a technology roadmap workshop to stimulate the development of commercial algal biofuels. The workshop successfully brought together the interdisciplinary expertise of more than 200 scientists, engineers, research managers, industry representatives, academics, lawyers, financiers, and regulators to fully discuss the promise and challenges of a commercial algal biofuels industry. Workshop participants’ insight was captured on a range of technical challenges related to topics such as:

 

  • Algal Biology
  • Cultivation
  • Harvesting/Dewatering
  • Extraction/Fractionation
  • Conversion to Fuels
  • Coâ€"Products
  • Systems Integration
  • Siting & Resources
  • Regulation & Policy

In discussions throughout the workshop, industry, academic, and national lab partners suggested that to develop algal biofuels, the coordination and support of fundamental research, infrastructure development, technology deployment, and information management at a national level by DOE will be necessary. A complete workshop summary is now available at  http://www.orau.gov/algae2008pro  and the results of the workshop are being used to develop a technology roadmap, which is expected to be published Summer/Fall 2009.

 

 
 
 

Biomass Spotlight: Hawaii

 

Ninety percent of Hawaii’s current energy supply depends on imported fossil fuels. Not surprising, the state has the highest utility rates and transportation costs in the country. Hawaii’s abundant natural resourcesâ€"including steady sunshine, strong ocean winds and waves, volcanic activity, and a climate that creates a year-round growing seasonâ€"offer great potential for the state to move away from expensive fossil fuels and invest in alternative energy resources.

 

This potential motivated State Governor Linda Lingle to partner with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative, which aims for at least 70% of Hawaii’s power to come from clean energy by 2030., If achieved, the state would become a worldwide model for a clean energy economy. One focus in accomplishing the initiative will be enhancing Hawaii’s biofuel capabilities using “locally grown crops and byproducts for producing fuel and electricity.” The Clean Energy Initiative will also help achieve the renewable portfolio standard (RPS), which mandates that 20% of the state’s transportation fuels be generated from renewable resources (including biofuels) by the end of 2020.

 

Hawaii consumed 461 million gallons of gasoline (equivalent to 670 million gallons of ethanol) in 2005 but has the potential to produce 400â€"700 million gallons of ethanol per year, making the initiative and the RPS very attainable goals., One challenge facing researchers is determining the best combination of lands, crops, and conversion technologies to maximize production potential. In order to meet this challenge, Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism kicked off the Bioenergy Master Plan (in response to Hawaii Session Laws 2007, Acts 159 & 253), in which various state departments, universities, industries, and other groups compiled research on issues facing the development of biofuels in the stateâ€"particularly regarding which feedstocks to grow. Table 1 lists the different feedstocks being considered for oilseed production, and Figure 1 displays the potential for ethanol production depending on land usage.,

 

 

Table 1: Potential Oilseed Production of Selected Tree Crops and Herbaceous Row Crops.

 

Crop

Oil Content

Gallons of Oil per Acre

Algae

10â€"85%

40,000

Oil palm

kernel 50%,

fruit 40â€"70%

760

Pongamia

27â€"36%

432

Kukui nut

45â€"65%

380

Euphorbia lathyris

40â€"48%

315

Jatropha

43â€"59%

300

Coconut

60â€"80%

287

Avocado

10â€"30%

282

Castor bean

40â€"50%

278

Neem

33â€"45%

165

Rapeseed

37â€"50%

127

Pittosporum

1.3 ml fruit-1

125

Peanut

40â€"55%

113

Sunflower

25â€"45%

102

Flax

35â€"40%

51

Soybean

18â€"20%

48

Copaifera

500 ml tree-1 yr-1

8

 

 

Hawaii ETOH Potential

 

Figure 1: State of Hawaii’s potential ethanol production.  Zoned Ag = zoned agriculture; SOH = State of Hawaii; LLO = large land owners (includes public and private ownership of at least 1000 acres on a given island); ALISH = Agricultural Lands of Importance to the State of Hawaii (land identified under agricultural productivity rating system adopted by the Board of Agriculture on January 28, 1977).

 

 

Beyond these steps, Hawaii has taken other actions to encourage bioenergy production. A law recently signed by Governor Lingle will promote biofuel production by extending the definition of renewable energy producer to include “growers and producers of organic materials used primarily for the production of biofuels”â€"this allows growers to lease public land through direct negotiations. By including growers in the definition, the new law makes it easier for producers to grow the crops on agriculturally zoned land while having the processing plant in an industrial or commercial zone. Under the previous law, the biomass had to come from the same location as the plant. Furthermore, the new law clarifies that other organic products remaining on the land could be used for mulch or feed without violating the conditions of the negotiation.

 

Hawaii also provides a tax incentive for investments in qualified high tech business (QHTB), defined as pertaining to "non-fossil fuel energy-related technology" and includes biofuels. Businesses that carry out over 50% of their activities in qualified research can receive a 100% tax credit over a four-year period.

 

In addition to the Clean Energy Initiative, the Federal government provides the Federal Renewable Energy Production Incentive (REPI), an annual payment of 1.5¢ per kilowatt-hour of electricity produced to qualifying renewable energy facilities (including biomass facilities) for the first 10 years they operate. DOE also helps fund Hawaii’s energy programs and provides objective, third-party technical assistance to state policymakers and stakeholders participating and investing in the bioenergy industry. The DOE Office of the Biomass Program is working, in particular, on feedstock trials in the state, including energy cane, banagrass, and guinea grass, through the Sun Grant Initiative and by funding work at the University of Hawaii.

 

Currently, there are no operating ethanol plants in Hawaii; however, construction of the first plant should commence soon in Kauai. This plant would be the first in the United States to produce ethanol from sugar juice and molasses. There are also no E85 stations in Hawaii, but law dictates that at least 85% percent of the gasoline must contain 10% percent ethanol. In regards to biodiesel, there are two operating production plants and seven fueling stations in Hawaii.,

 

Given the extensive support for bioenergy development in Hawaii by the state and Federal governments, and the universities, industries, and organizations that participated in the Bioenergy Master Plan kickoff, Hawaii has put in place the measures for increasing its energy independence and will be a worthwhile model to monitor for application elsewhere.

 

 

. Hawaii’s State Governor’s website.  Administration Leads by Example in Clean Energy.  Accessed July 2, 2008. http://hawaii.gov/gov/energy

. State of Hawaii Press release.  Released January 28, 2008.  Accessed July 2, 2008.   http://hawaii.gov/gov/news/releases/2008/hawaii-and-u.s.-department-of-energy-partner-to

. DOE Press release. Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://www.energy.gov/news/5902.htm

. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency.  Renewable Portfolio Standard. http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/tabsrch.cfm?state=HI&type=RPS&back=regtab&Sector=S&CurrentPageID=7&EE=0&RE=1

.  Kheffer, Vheissu, Donald Evans, Scott Turn. Potential for Ethanol Production in Hawaii. December 2006. Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/energy/publications/ethanol-hnei-06.pdf

.  EIA. Hawaii State Energy Profile. Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/state/state_energy_profiles.cfm?sid=HI

. DBEDT.  Kickoff Meeting for the Development of the Bioenergy Master Plan.  Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/energy/renewable/bioenergy/kickoff/index_html

. Poteet, Michael.  Biodiesel Crop Implementation in Hawaii.  Hawaii Agriculture Resource Center. Accessed July 2, 2008.  https://www.eere-pmc.energy.gov/states/Hawaii_Docs/biodiesel_report-revised.pdf   

. Turn, Scott. Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan. Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii

May 21, 2008. Accessed July 1, 2008. http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/energy/renewable/bioenergy/kickoff/11-turn.pdf

. State of Hawaii Press release.  Governor Lingle Signs Bill to Encourage Biofuel Production. Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://hawaii.gov/gov/news/releases/2008/governor-lingle-signs-bill-to-encourage-biofuel

. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency.  High Technology Business Investment Tax Credit. Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/tabsrch.cfm?state=HI&type=Recruitment&back=fintab&Sector=S&CurrentPageID=7&EE=0&RE=1

. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency.  High Technology Business Investment Tax Credit.  Accessed July 2, 2008.  http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/tabsrch.cfm?state=US&type=Production&back=fintab&Sector=F&CurrentPageID=7&EE=0&RE=1

. Eagle, Nathan.  Comission Approves Biomass Plant.  The Garden Island. 26 Feb 2008.  Accessed July 2, 2008.   http://www.kauaiworld.com/articles/2008/02/27/news/news02.txtroves

. Finnegan, Tom.  Kauai ethanol plant is planned for 2008. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 10 July 2007. Accessed 2 July 2008.   http://starbulletin.com/2007/07/10/news/story01.html

. Commercial Biodiesel Production Plants.  Accessed 2 July 2008.  http://www.biodiesel.org/pdf_files/fuelfactsheets/Producers%20Map%20-%20existing.pdf

. Alternative Fueling Station Total Counts by State and Fuel Type.  Accessed 2 July 2008.  http://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/fuels/stations_counts.html

. Hawaii Administrative Rules. Title 15, Chapter 35.  Accessed 2 July 2008.  http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/main/about/admin-rules/15-35.pdf.

 

 

 

 

BACK TO TOP

 

 

Bill #

Senator/Date Introduced

Title/Description

Status

S.3725

Sen Stabenow, Debbie (introduced 12/10/2008)    

Green Jobs and Infrastructure Act of 2008. A bill to promote economic recovery through green jobs and infrastructure, and for other purposes.

12/10/2008: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.

H.R.260

Rep Jackson-Lee, Sheila [TX-18] (introduced 1/7/2009)  

21st Century Energy Independence Act of 2009. To authorize the Secretary of Energy to make loan guarantees for cellulosic ethanol production technology development.

1/7/2009: Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment.

S.223

Sen Feingold, Russell D. (introduced 1/13/2009)

Energy and Technology Advancement Act of 2009. A bill to amend the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 to further the adoption of technologies developed by the Department of Agriculture, to encourage small business partnerships in the development of energy through biorefineries, and for other purposes.

1/13/2009: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.

H.R.513

Rep Forbes, J. Randy [VA-4] (introduced 1/14/2009)

New Manhattan Project for Energy Independence. To ensure the energy independence of the United States by promoting research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of technologies through a system of grants and prizes on the scale of the original Manhattan Project.    

1/14/2009: Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment.

H.R.629

Rep Waxman, Henry A. [CA-30] (introduced 1/22/2009)  

Energy and Commerce Recovery and Reinvestment Act. To provide energy and commerce provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

1/27/2009: Placed on the Union Calendar, Calendar No. 3.

H.R.907

Rep Terry, Lee [NE-2] (introduced 2/4/2009)  

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for a livestock energy investment credit.

2/4/2009: Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on Ways and Means.

H.R.1

Rep Obey, David R. [WI-7] (introduced 1/26/2009)

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes.

2/13/2009:

Became Public Law No: 111-5

S.447

Sen Levin, Carl (introduced 2/13/2009)  

Prevent Excessive Speculation Act. A bill to amend the Commodity Exchange Act to prevent excessive price speculation with respect to energy and agricultural commodities, and for other purposes.

2/13/2009: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.

H.R.1111

Rep Rehberg, Denny (introduced 2/23/2009)

Wildfire Risk Reduction and Renewable Biomass Utilization Act. To promote as a renewable energy source the use of biomass removed from forest lands in connection with hazardous fuel reduction projects on certain Federal land, and for other purposes.

2/23/2009: Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

H.R.1190

Rep Herseth Sandlin, Stephanie (introduced 2/25/2009)

Renewable Biomass Facilitation Act of 2009. To promote the use of certain materials harvested from public lands in the production of renewable fuel, and for other purposes.

2/25/2009: Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

H.R.1167

Rep Carnahan, Russ [MO-3] (introduced 2/25/2009)

Green Streets Act of 2009. To direct the Secretary of Transportation to conduct a program to demonstrate the use of asphalt produced with an asphalt binder made from biomass in highway construction projects.

2/26/2009: Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Highways and Transit.

S.587

Sen Lugar, Richard G. (introduced 3/12/2009)  

Western Hemisphere Energy Compact. A bill to establish a Western Hemisphere Energy Cooperation Forum to establish partnerships with interested countries in the hemisphere to promote energy security through the accelerated development of sustainable biofuels production and energy alternatives, research, and infrastructure, and for other purposes.

3/12/2009: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

S.636

Sen Thune, John (introduced 3/18/2009)  

A bill to amend the Clean Air Act to conform the definition of renewable biomass to the definition given the term in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.

3/18/2009: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works.

S.737

Sen Collins, Susan M. (introduced 3/30/2009)

A bill to amend the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 to authorize the Secretary of Energy to conduct research, development, and demonstration to make biofuels more compatible with small nonroad engines, and for other purposes.

3/30/2009: Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.

 
 
 
 

From Bacon to Biofuel (3/31)

Brown greaseâ€"a nasty mélange of leftover animal fat, pan scrapings and other gunky residueâ€"is a sewer pipe’s worst enemy. In San Francisco, a pilot project led by two Berkeley Engineering alumni is in the works to explore for the first time how wastewater treatment plants throughout California might turn the unappealing stuff into biodiesel fuel.

Link: http://innovations.coe.berkeley.edu/vol3-issue3-mar09/browngrease

 

NCGA Establishes Farmer-Led Climate Change Task Force (3/26)

The National Corn Growers Association’s Ethanol Committee has established a task force of corn farmers to focus on climate issues, such as land use change, greenhouse gas emissions, cap-and-trade policies, carbon sequestration and low carbon fuel standards.

Link: http://www.cattlenetwork.com/Content.asp?ContentID=301872

 

Trash Crops to Cash Crops (3/21)

When cattle and hay farmer Wayne Keith took a road trip from his spread in Springville, Alabama, to Northern California, his first stop wasn't a gas station; it was a umpster behind a furniture factory. He emptied the half-ton of wood scrap into an open trailer, fed some into a boiler-like device mounted on the trailer hitched to his 1991 Dodge Dakota and took off on the 7,000-mile round-trip journey, stopping every 90 miles or so to pop some more wood into the burner. "That's a cheap ride, on somebody's garbage," he said.

Link: http://www.miller-mccune.com/science_environment/trash-crops-to-cash-crops-1078

 

Buckthorn Biomass to be Converted Into Electricity (3/18)

It was brought to the United States as a hedge and is now more of a nuisance. Buckthorn multiplies so fast it literally chokes native plants and trees, but the Department of Natural Resources has come up with a powerful pilot plan to make use of the plant…his time around the woody buckthorn will be shredded and used as energy.

Link: http://www.kare11.com/news/news_article.aspx?storyid=542632

 

San Antonio Goes Green by Growing Green (3/16)

When San Antonio researcher Kyle Murray peers into the future, he sees the land of black gold turning bright green. Algae green. Murray, an assistant professor of geology at the University of Texas at San Antonio, thinks the city is perfectly poised to become a research and production hotbed for literally one of the greenest fuels around, mined from the slippery marine life that thrives in the shallow ponds and warm, sunny weather that are hallmarks of this region.

Link: http://www.kvue.com/projectgreen/greenarticles/stories/031609kvue_SA_green-cb.3f4dc078.html

 

High-Ethanol Fuel Gets First Buyers Pumped (3/14)

It looks like gasoline, though a little clearer. It smells like gas, though a little sweeter. But it's not gas. It's E85 - 85 percent ethanol - and, for the first time, this alternative fuel can be purchased in Hampton Roads. The first public E85 pump in the region, and just the second in Virginia, was christened Friday [March 13th] at a Navy Exchange gas station, 1449 Tomcat Blvd., outside the gates of Oceana Naval Air Station in Virginia Beach.

Link: http://ethanol-news.newslib.com/story/6938-31614/

 

Governors Envision Eco-Friendly Fuels at I-5 Rest Stops (3/8)

Gov. Chris Gregoire and her counterparts in Oregon and California are considering a plan they hope would help transform Interstate 5 from a freeway ruled by gasoline burners to a haven for eco-friendly cars and trucks. The three governors envision a series of alternative fueling stations stretching from the Canadian border to Mexico, creating what has been dubbed a "green freeway."

Link: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2008827158_greenfreeway08m.html

 

Colleges Convert Cooking Oil into Biodiesel Fuel (1/23)

Forgive the students at Sinclair Community College [in Dayton, Ohio] if they get the munchies when they pass the tractors that cut grass, blow leaves or sweep snow on campus: Oil that once cooked french fries and onion rings is being used to power the vehicles. Students have begun making biodiesel fuel by converting used cooking oil from the dining hall. Biodiesel saves the school a little money on gasoline, gives the students lessons in engineering and chemistry, and removes oil from the waste stream.

Link: http://bioenergy.checkbiotech.org/news/colleges_convert_cooking_oil_biodiesel_fuel

 

Biofuels Sold Here (1/4)

What first drove Chris Caseber to fuel her Volkswagen Jetta with biodiesel was an ethic â€" one she later combined with the entrepreneurship that prompted her to open Clark County, ’s first stations to pump new alternative fuels (as well as the old petroleum standards) with a good dose of old-fashioned service.

Link: http://www.columbian.com/article/20090105/BIZ01/701059992/-1/BIZ

 

 

 
 
 

Marketplace provides data relevant to the production of biofuels from biomass as well as the state of the petroleum markets in which biofuels are used. Cost fluctuations in the price of a bushel of soybeans, the main biodiesel feedstock, and corn affect the finished products, i.e., biofuels. Key indicators in the petroleum industry provide a snapshot of the supply of finished products, stocks and production and how they relate to demand and the price of finished product (i.e. gasoline and diesel). The tables show actual grain prices, indicators which may affect gasoline prices, and the production of ethanol.

Grain Prices Received by Farmers Feb 2009

Feb 2008

% Change 24 Months
Corn ($/bushel) 3.87 4.25 -55% corn
Soybean ($/bushel) 9.55 11 -9% soy
Spot Prices W. Tex. Int Cush & Henry Hub March 09 March 08 % Change 24 Months
W. Tex. Int Cush ($/Bbl) 47.86 105.45 -55%
Henry Hub ($/MMBtu) 4.013 9.624 -58% HHUB
Fuel Supply March 09 March 08 % Change 24 Months
Percent Refinery Utilization (%) 82.33 84.30 -2% PRU
Production by Product - Finished Motor Gasoline (1,000 bbl/d) 8,787 8,835 -1% PFMG
Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline (1,000 bbl) 89,076 115,409 -23% SFMG
Imports - Total Motor Gasoline (1,000 bbl/d) 1,119 906 24% ITMG
Oxygenate Production

Jan 2008

Jan 2007 % Change

24 Months

Ethanol Production
(1,000 bbl)
19,545 15,818 24% ETOH
MTBE Production
(1,000 bbl)
1,394 1,731 -19% MTBE

 

Data Sources:
U.S. DOE-Energy Information Administration, "Weekly Petroleum Status Report" and "Monthly Oxygenate Report"; USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, "Agricultural Prices,""Grain Stocks"; Wall Street Journal, Markets Data, Spot Prices, Oil Prices 

 
 
 

Title:

Colorado ACRE Awards Grants to Biomass Projects

Description:

The Colorado Agricultural Value-Added Development Board of the Colorado Department of Agriculture has awarded $250,000 in Advancing Colorado’s Renewable Energy (ACRE) grants to organizations for biomass-related projects.

Recipients:

$50,000 was awarded to each of the following organizations:

o        The Flux Farm Foundation of Carbondale, CO

o        Colorado State University Golden Plains Area Extension Service

o        International Center for Appropriate and Sustainable Technology in Lakewood, CO

o        San Juan Bioenergy LLC of Durango, CO

o        Stewart Environmental Consultants Inc. of Fort Collins, CO

Award Total:

$250,000

Sponsoring Office:

The Colorado Agricultural Value-Added Development Board of the Colorado Department of Agriculture  

URL:

http://www.biomassmagazine.com/article

Title:

N.C. Biofuels Center Awards $2.8M Through 18 Grants

Description:

Looking to kick-start the alternative fuel industry in North Carolina, the State’s Biofuels Center is handing out $2.77 million in grants. Eighteen of 49 applications were picked for funding by the state-funded Biofuels Center. Its mandate is to help North Carolina produce alternative fuels. The grants represent virtually half the Center’s budget for this year.

Recipients:

The 18 award recipients varied among several private, government, and academic entities. For a description of the grants please see the reference below.

Award Total:

$2.8 million

Sponsoring Office:

 

The North Carolina Biofuels Center

URL:

http://localtechwire.com/business/

Title:

Pentagon Awards Biofuel R&D Contract to General Atomics

Description:

DARPA, the Pentagon’s R&D funding agency awarded a $19.5 million contract to privately held General Atomics of San Diego to make jet fuel from algae and cellulosic feedstocks.

Recipients:

General Atomics of San Diego, CA

Award Total:

$19.5 million

Sponsoring Office:

U.S. Department of Defense - Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

URL:

http://www.xconomy.com/san-diego/

Title:

Connecticut Awards $3.1 Million in Biodiesel Grants

Description:

Connecticut Gov. M. Jodi Rell recently announced the state has awarded more than $3 million in grants to support biodiesel projects. More than $900,000 will be awarded to three Connecticut-based universities to conduct biofuel quality testing and study different production methods and feedstocks. In addition, a total of $2.2 million in grants will be awarded to four biodiesel production facilities, which will be used to leverage more than $6 million in private investment.

Recipients:

The award recipients varied between several private and academic entities. For a description of the grants please see the reference below.

Award Total:

$3.1 million

Sponsoring Office:

State of Connecticut, Department of Economic and Community Development

URL:

http://www.biodieselmagazine.com/article

Title:

Shell Awards Prize for Algae-to-Biodiesel Process

Description:

Scottish Bioenergy Cooperative Ventures has been awarded the £40,000 ($57,000) Climate Change Innovation Prize from Royal Dutch Shell PLC’s Shell Springboard program. Based in St. Cyrus, Scotland , the company builds, sells, and operates photobioreactors for capturing carbon dioxide emissions to grow algae feedstock for biodiesel production.

Recipients:

Scottish Bioenergy Cooperative Ventures

Award Total:

$57,000

Sponsoring Office:

 

Royal Dutch Shell

URL:

http://bioenergy.checkbiotech.org/news

 

 

 

 
 
 

 

 

Title:

Demonstration of Integrated Biorefinery Operations 

Description:

The intent of the FOA will be to select integrated biorefinery projects that have the necessary technical and economic performance data that validates readiness for the next level of scale up. In general, integrated biorefineries employ various combinations of feedstocks and conversion technologies to produce a variety of products, with the main focus on producing biofuels.

Government Agency:

 

U.S. Department of Energy

Schedule:

Closing Date - May 29, 2009

URL:

http://www.grants.gov/

 

Title:

Energy for Sustainability   

Description:

The Energy for Sustainability program supports fundamental research and education in energy production, conversion, and storage and is focused on energy sources that are environmentally friendly and renewable.  Most world energy needs are currently met through the combustion of fossil fuels.  With projected increases in global energy needs, more sustainable methods for energy production will need to be developed, and production of greenhouse gases will need to be reduced. Sources of sustainable energy include sunlight, wind, and biomass.

Government Agency:

 

U.S. National Science Foundation

Schedule:

Closing Date - September 15, 2009

URL:

http://www.grants.gov

 

Title:

Biotechnology, Biochemical, and Biomass Engineering  (BBBE)

Description:

The Biotechnology, Biochemical, and Biomass Engineering (BBBE) program deals with fundamental problems involved in the processing and manufacturing of products of economic importance by effectively utilizing renewable resources of biological origin and bioinformatics originating from genomic and proteomic information. Research projects supported through the BBBE program include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Fermentation Technology
  • Enzyme Technology
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Cell Culture Technology
  • Ex vivo and Therapeutic Stem Cell Culture Technology
  • Metabolic Engineering
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Nanobiotechnology
  • Quantitative Systems Biotechnology
  • Biosensor Development
  • Food Processing with Special Focus on the Safety of the Nation's Food Supply

Government Agency:

 

U.S. National Science Foundation

Schedule:

Closing Date - September 15, 2009

URL:

http://www.grants.gov

 

 

 

 
 

May 3 - 7, 2009
San Francisco, USA

31st Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals
May 10 - 13, 2009
Vancouver, British Columbia
International Conference on Nutrient Recovery from Wastewater Streams
May 17 - 20, 2009
Atlanta, USA
Bio 2009 Annual International Convention
June 1, 2009
Denver, USA
Fuel Ethanol Workshop 2009
June 2 - 3, 2009
Washington, District of Columbia
Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee Meeting
June 4 - 5, 2009
Washington, District of Columbia
Platt's Second Annual Advanced Biofuels Conference
June 14 - 15, 2009
Denver, Colorado
International Distillers Grains Conference & Trade Show
June 15 - 18, 2009
Denver, Colorado
BBI Fuel Ethanol Workshop
June 21 - 25, 2009
Norfolk, USA
D02 Petroleum Products and Lubricants
July 14 - 15, 2009
Arlington, Virginia
U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Biomass Program Peer Review
July 19 - 23, 2009
Montreal, Canada
2009 World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioprocessing (BIO)

 

Click here for additional bio-related events.

 
 






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posted by Sumit Bhatia @ 4:52 PM  

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